Monday, May 25, 2020

The United States Is A Nation Of Immigrants - 995 Words

First, when speaking of diversity many people tend to refer the word to race, so the definition of race and it’s explanation should be known, (McNamara, Burns) explains that race has voluminous meanings, confusing many people in the real use of the expression. The biological definition would explain that it’s genetically alignment with distinctive gene frequencies with hereditary characteristics. The simple answer, we can see the differences between people of different races (McNamara Burns, 2009). Seems like such a simple definition for such a complex problem within our society within the world today. However, diversity is very important to the way of life within the United States, it is important to remember is the United States is a nation of immigrants, that’s what ultimately made this land we all love the special place it is today. In researching this question it was discovered that one could make the assumption that the United States would be the largest nation with the largest population of immigrants. In reviewing the article Nations of Immigrants: Do Words Matter? It was discovered that wasn’t so. The instructor posed a serious question to his class to get his point across within this area, â€Å" what country in the world year 2000 had the highest proportion of foreigners living on its national territory†? I found the answer really amazing, it wasn’t the United States, it was the United Arab Emirates, then Switzerland, and the United States didn’t even makeShow MoreRelatedThe United States : A Nation Of Immigrants1434 Words   |  6 Pagesthat all of us, and you and I especially, are descended from immigrants and revolutionists.† –Franklin D. Roosevelt Just under a million immigrants arrive in the United States each year. For this reason, the United States has often been called a nation of immigrants. The United States in a way is a melting pot for so many different cultures, religions and even races in the world (Scheuerer, 2012). These immigrants come to this nation wanting a chance at a better life; others are refugees whom areRead MoreThe United States Is The Nation Of Immigrants876 Words   |  4 PagesUnited States is the nation of immigrants. Everyone living in the United States has migrated here, whether it was 10 years ago, 100 years ago, or 10,000 years ago. Migrations can take place for many reasons, the main reasons being the search for a better life, escape from poor conditions or as captives. We all have stories that branch out to other homes outside of this country. Some stories are untold and will forever be hidden; like the story of my father. My father passed away eight years agoRead MoreThe United States is a Nation of Immigrants Essays1658 Words   |  7 Pages Today the United States of America is regarded as a global economic leader. The standard of living in the U.S. is higher than that of most other nations. Our nation is considered an economic super-power. Economic needs have often caused Americans to seek immigrants as workers, and economic opportunities have attracted foreigners. The United States is a nation of immigrants. Our nation has been shaped by successive waves of immigrants who have played major roles in our changing economy. TheRead MoreA Nation Of Immigrants And The United States Of America2299 Words   |  10 PagesA NATION OF IMMIGRANTS The Ways that Immigration has Shaped and Benefited the United States of America Scott Williams US History Plato Unit Activity Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free... -- Emma Lazarus (from the poem The New Colossus) These words by Emma Lazarus, inscribed on a plaque on the Statue of Liberty, strike a chord of yearning for freedom in the minds of suffering yet hopeful people, and invoke a picture of the United States meeting the immigrantRead MoreCities, Immigrants, And The Nation1290 Words   |  6 PagesCities, Immigrants, and the Nation The history of America has been associated with immigration. In fact, the population of America is believed to be highly dominated by immigrants. The topic of immigrants in the United Sates is crucial even in the present situation. There are mixed reactions on the best way to deal with the issue of immigration, especially in the political front. Immigration in the United States is quite extensive and began long time ago. This essay will address the American ImmigrationRead MoreImmigration : An Influential Aspect Of American History1172 Words   |  5 Pagesimmigration has been a constant and significant force in the country. From the early beginnings of the nation in the seventeenth century to the present day, millions of people, from a variety of different and distinct nations and cultures, made the great journey to the United States to pursue greater economic and social opportunities. Immigration has been an influential aspect of American history. These immigrants have enhanced an d contributed greatly to the fabric and the story of America. They have broughtRead MoreEssay about English Must be the Official Language in America994 Words   |  4 Pages The United States of America has instituted many rights to its citizens, which were issued in the bill of rights they are the first ten amendments. The first amendment mentions the free exercise clause, freedom of speech and of press, and by interpreting it says that congress cannot make any laws constricting to a established religion or prohibiting the free exercise. Because of the interpretation of the first amendment immigrants believe that they may come to the United States and maintainRead MoreThe Official Definition Of Illegal Is â€Å"Contrary To Or Forbidden1517 Words   |  7 Pagesillegal is â€Å"contrary to or forbidden by law†. The definition of an Immigrant is â€Å"an individual who comes to live permanently in a foreign country†. Therefore Illegal Immigrants are foreigners who enter another country, the United States of America, without a Visa. They cross the border by avoiding inspection and overstay the allotted period of time allowed as a visitor, tourist, or businessperson. There are 12 million illegal immigrants in America today. How is the possible if it is illegal? And moreRead MorePersuasive Essay On Illegal Immigration1260 Words   |  6 Pagesissue in the United States for many years, especially illegal immigration. This term can be defined as the act of immigrating, which means to move to another country where you were not born in, or which you are not a native of, and use this new country as a permanent residence. Majority of immigrants believe that the United States is possibly the best place to be. Due to the lack of freedom, protection, and benefits within other countries, these factors are very important for immigrants who desireRead MoreHow Can America Become A Better Immigrant Nation?1245 Words   |  5 PagesHow Can America Become a Better Immigrant Nation Again? It has become evident to many that the American economy is declining in recent years. Journalists are pointing out that one of the reasons why it got weaker is due to a failed immigration system and outdated policies towards illegal immigrants. For instance, Fareed Zakaria from Time magazine says, although America was once considered an example to many other immigrant nations, it is now falling behind some of them in terms of immigration-related

Friday, May 15, 2020

Desegregation Of The United States - 1720 Words

The education system in the United States has gone through many changes spanning all the way from the 1800’s to today. The integration of other races and cultures into our schools have played in integral part in the historical development of the U.S. educational system. It has also allowed more access to all students to experience education. The desegregation of schools also started the conversation about allowing Blacks to have equal access to the same water fountains, public transportation, restrooms, and public spaces, as Whites. It is important to note the differences between desegregation and integration. The distinction between these two terms are crucial because in the constitution law the Supreme Court has never enforced integration, but does prohibit segregation. Desegregation is defined as â€Å"provisions articulated in law or practice that eliminate the isolation of members of a particular group into separate functional units† (ASHE Higher Education Report p.12). Integration is the incorporation of individuals and groups as equals into society. Desegregation had to take place before integration could even begin to become a proposal. During the mid to late 1800’s there were several laws and court cases taking place which slowly led up to the gradual start of the desegregation movement. Black education in the South was virtually nonexistent before the Civil War and very limited in Northern states. Once the civil war ended, the Thirteenth Amendment was passed andShow MoreRelatedThe Desegregation Of The United States1633 Words   |  7 Pages In the 1970’s desegregation was a main concern and differences in the quality of education based on socioeconomic factors became apparent. Brown v. Board of Education deemed it harmful to African Americans to be segregated. Integration of public schools did not happen until Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education. The ruling of Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education mandated school districts to bus students to different schools so integration would be possible (Wilson). PresidentRead MoreThe Desegregation Of The United States791 Words   |  4 Pagesfollowed by President Reagan who epitomizes conservatism. Reagan guts the integration busing fund and tells black families that their children would be better off attending their segregated neighborhood schools, which was not factually proven. Desegregation had actually been shown to be greatly beneficial to the minority students and minimally detrimental to the white students. Nixon makes deal with South Carolina Sen. Strom Thurmond to stem the tide of integration as much as possible in exchangeRead MoreThe Desegregation Of The United States Supreme Court Essay1382 Words   |  6 PagesThe School Desegregation Decision of the United States Supreme Court signified the end of a clashing national minority game plan - heightened of a total of parts in perspective of two incongruent sorts of human affiliation and control, greater part manage government and white supremacy. In pivoting Plessy v. Ferguson it, basically, signified the legitimate end to required restriction of one social affair of subjects from another with no attempt at being subtle workplaces essentially because ofRead MoreEssay on desegregation historiography1258 Words   |  6 Pagespeople of the United States. They wrote about freedom and equality for men, but historically it has not been practiced. In the twentieth century large steps have been made to make the United States practice the i deals declared in the Constitution and Bill of Rights. The major changes following Rosa Park’s refusal to give up her bus seat to a young white man and the Brown v. Board of Education trial in 1954. These Supreme Court rulings altered American society and began the desegregation and integrationRead MoreHow Racism Impacted The Game Of Baseball And The Lives Of African Americans Essay896 Words   |  4 PagesHow Racism Effected the Game of Baseball and the Lives of African Americans Introduction Racial tension has been around since the foundation of the United States. The climax of racism in the United States started near the twentieth century (PBS, 2003). The south had many racial segregation laws and restrictions. Black men were victims of propaganda and were thought as ravening beasts lusting after white women (PBS, 2003). This was a tactic used to justify lynching. African Americans had to constantlyRead MoreRacism And Discrimination During The Civil War1690 Words   |  7 PagesRacism and discrimination in the United States has been a major issue since the colonial and slavery era. White Americans were given privileges like voting rights, education, full citizenship, influential political power, and etc. whereas those same privileges were not granted to African Americans and other persons of color. After the Civil War, the 13th Amendment in 1865, legally abolished slavery and that is where the start of racial tensions began. Many things like grandfather clauses, lyn chingRead More(Final Draft). . Brown V. Board Of Education. . . . . .1660 Words   |  7 Pagesinfluenced American segregation, because unlike other instances of desegregation, it overturned Plessy v. Ferguson, ended school segregation, and progressed the civil rights movement. Overturned Plessy V. Ferguson What caused Brown V. Board of Education What is Plessy V. Ferguson How the Brown decision overturned the Plessy decision Ended school segregation What was school segregation Resulting decision on school segregation Desegregation Began the civil rights movement What was the Civil Rights MovementRead MoreJudicial Process Research Paper1738 Words   |  7 PagesBoard of Education adopted the plan by a vote of four to two. The plan was approved by the Michigan Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. It was then endorsed by other national and local agencies and organizations such as the United States Office of Education. Following the adoption of the plan, Detroit School officials began to prepare procedures to carry it into effect at the beginning of the 1970-1971 school year. The Michigan Legislature enacted, and the Governor of MichiganRead MoreSummary And Decision. In A Unanimous Decision On May 17,996 Words   |  4 PagesVirginia, and District of Columbia) asserted complaints of inadequate conditions in black schools and sought admission to public schools in their community that were presently reserved for white students. Each of these jurisdictions fought for desegregation as a way to obtain equal educational opportunities for students of color. In the Brown case, the court ruled in favor of educational equality and found separation of black students to be unconstitutional, as it violated the equal protection clauseRead MoreSwann v. Charlotte935 Words   |  4 Pagesactually been done to desegregate public schools. Brown v. Board of Education ordered the end to separate but equal and the desegregation of public schools; however, the court provided no direction for the implementation of its decision. Authority was pushed to the Attorney Generals of each state to create and submit plans to proceed with desegregation. Southern states were against the court’s decision and many refused to pass any new legislation. Swann sued the Board of Education in Charlotte

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

International Adoption - 1992 Words

Running head: INTERNATIONAL AND INTERCOUNTRY ADOPTION International and Intercountry Adoption The University of Akron International and Intercountry Adoption The birth of a child represents a milestone in the life of families. For those who are not able to conceive a child by natural means, adoption often comes as an alternative and rewarding way to build a family and fulfill individuals’ desire to experience parenthood. Whether for biological or personal reasons, many have taken the path to adoption despite the fact that they are able to have their own biological child. Others have taken this remarkable road based on values or altruism. Whatever the reason, family dynamics change with the arrival of a child and counseling poses†¦show more content†¦At times families wish to adopt from the country of the family’s own ethnic origin, or they may be familiar with others who have successfully adopted overseas. The research also suggests that the major reason families choose to adopt international is the manner in which most international adoptions are conducted; a process that minimizes the threat that a child could be offered to potential parents and then withdrawn. International birth parents transfer their parental rights to a third-party adoption agency or orphanage before the adoptive parents get involved in the process. This may not be the case with domestic adoptions, mainly when a child is expected, but not yet born. Birth parents may change their minds about adopting out their child during the period before the adoption is finalized (Fain, n.d., http://ezinearticles.com/?The-Pros-And-Cons-Of-International-Adoptionamp;id=533106). Thus, one can conclude that this can be a terrifying prospect for would-be-parents to contemplate, and adoptive parents who wish to reduce this possibility may prefer international adoption or may otherwise work only to identify candidate children who have already been placed in an orphanage or foster program. In addition, some adoptive parents find that international restrictions on who may adopt (with regard to age, finances, etc.) may be less severe, making it more likely theirShow MoreRelatedInternational Adoption Essays1129 Words   |  5 Pagesconditions are worse for orphans overseas, but I still believe that International Adoption should be banned because it cost substantially less to adopt domestically, there are numerous orphans here in America needing a home and family, and its very hard on a child when he or she is asked move to America and have to adapt to a completely different society. One of the many things people don’t realize when they think of international adoption is the cost or debt it could put them in. It is on average doubleRead MoreInternational Adoption Crisis Should Not Be A Viable Adoption1257 Words   |  6 PagesInternational Adoption Crisis The image of an American family has changed dramatically over the last fifty years. American families are no longer modeled after the Cleavers. International adoption has contributed to this changing family view, bringing in children who are not biologically related to their parents and often of a different race. This new American image has helped eliminate race related issues. So, what is the controversy with international adoption? Children are the future of a country;Read MoreAdoption, Domestic And International Adoption Essay1611 Words   |  7 Pageschildren, but what are other options? Adoption gets helpless children out of the foster care system, but having their own child gives them a better connection. Three reasons why parents should adopt is because it helps get kids out of foster care, adopted families have all the same rights as families formed from birth, and adopting a child helps parents start a family if they can’t get pregnant. Although some people think th at having their own child is better, adoption is better because it gives childrenRead MoreInternational Adoption Should Not Be A Viable Adoption Source1233 Words   |  5 Pagesthe Cleavers. International adoption has contributed to this changing family view, bringing in children who are not biologically related to their parents and often of a different race. This new American image has helped to reduce race related issues. Children are the future of a country. If a country is losing their children to international adoption; the county is losing the gifts and talents that are irreplaceable in those children. Intercountry adoption should not be a viable adoption source becauseRead More International Adoption Essay example1739 Words   |  7 PagesInternational Adoption      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   When a mission team from south Florida arrived in Camp Haitia, they saw what to them was the most poverty stricken land on earth. Some of the men were literally ill at the sight of the filth in the rivers, on the land, and covering the children. Because Haiti is one of the poorest nations in the world, families do not even have enough to provide for their children, and many of them are left to fend for themselves. The mission team witnessed them bathing in pollutedRead MoreInternational Adoptions Essay670 Words   |  3 PagesINTRODUCTION The number of international adoptions taking place in the United States is steadily increasing. Many people looking to start a family in the United States are turning to international adoptions because the process is easier than adopting within this country. However, many of these adoptive parents are not ready for the challenges of adopting a child from another country. Not only are the adoptive parents and the children at different levels of readiness to attach but the child is forcedRead More International Adoption Essay1791 Words   |  8 PagesThe necessity of adoption in the world is astounding. Currently, there is an estimated 143 million orphans worldwide (Wingert, vol.151). As of 2007, there were 513,000 children living in foster care within the United States alone (Rousseau 21:14). International adoption in the United States was jumpstarted post World War II as a way of helping those children who were left homeless, after war had taken their parents. Although there are th ousands of healthy children awaiting adoption in the United StatesRead MoreEssay on International Adoption5139 Words   |  21 Pagesbuckets of water have been commonplace for centuries. Now, however, as a direct result of the one-child policy, the number of baby girls being abandoned, aborted, or dumped on orphanage steps is unprecedented. Adopting Internationally Adoption is procedure by which people legally assume the role of parents for a person who is not their biological child. Adopted children become full members of their adopted family and have the same legal status as biological children. Although theRead MoreEssay International Adoption1777 Words   |  8 Pagesï » ¿International Adoption The  necessity  of adoption in the world is astounding. Currently, there is an estimated 143 million orphans worldwide (Wingert, vol.151). As of 2007, there were 513,000 children living in  foster care  within the United States alone (Rousseau 21:14).International adoption  in the United States was jumpstarted post World War II as a way of helping those children who were left homeless, after war had taken their parents. Although there are thousands of healthy  children awaitingRead MoreThe Genesis Of International And Intercontinental Adoption785 Words   |  4 PagesThis paper sees the sights the genesis of international or intercontinental adoption in U.S. martial intercession, predominantly the Korean War and its consequences. Keeping focus on the concealed statistics in Korean adoption research, the prostitute and her biracial kid, this article tends to recast armed camp-town in Southern Korea as the original situate of communal casualty, an essential situation that causes to be biracial children homeless and their respective Korean mothers attenuate mothers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Specialty Practice for Labor and Delivery Nurses- myassignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about theSpecialty Practice for Labor and Delivery Nurses. Answer: Nursing specialists play a significant role in managing patients suffering from both acute and chronic illnesses. Nurse specialists are required to be registered nurses with high standards of clinical prowess and ought to have diverse skills and knowledge to expand their practices. Notably, a registered nurse profession comes along with significant responsibilities and complexities. Labor and delivery nurse specialists play a more significant role in caring for women during delivery. They take care of the newly born offspring; treat the various complications among the women who have delivered as well as the babies (Shields, 2013). This group of nurse specialists possesses brilliant quick decision-making skills and critical thinking. They help in educating mothers and families for the phases of giving birth and assist a patient with breastfeeding guidelines instantaneously after childbirth. Labor and delivery nurses care for females during childbirth and labor. They monitor the baby a s well as the mother and coach the mothers on best practices. Theyassist mothers with gynecologic care and contraceptive control. In the same token, the labor and delivery nurses maintain safe working environment and hygiene in acquiescence with the health care measures. They also research to improve the healthcare outcome and nursing practices. Conspicuously, labor and delivery nurses aid in bringing individuals to the globe every day, therefore, require multifaceted skills and advanced level of education to carry out their duties effectively. There have been several advances over the years toconsiderably improve nurse's safety. Healthcare personnel are being confronted with job risks such as blood borne pathogens. A healthy nurse is defined as one who enthusiastically focuses on maintaining and establishing a balance as well as a synergy of emotional, intellectual, and physical health. One of the ways through which healthcare facilities may keep empathy fatigue from occurring includes ensuring that workers aid program is put in place. According to Lim, Bogossian Ahern (2010), the team ought to come in after a traumatic scenario to assist workers to deal with the experience and debrief, because if debriefing is not put in position, cumulative effect might exist, and the nurse may burn out so nippily. Subsequently, reducing burnout may encompass a passage of national law which would need health care facilities to offer minimum nursing staffing consistently (Trinkoff et al. 2008). It is important to note that the nurses oper ate under a code of conduct which requires them to consolidate patient confidentiality, offer quality care, and treat the patients with a lot of dignity. Online Module Two Carers play a vital role in the healthcare sector and ought to be appropriately supported and recognized, and the government ought to play its part in this. According to Herring (2007), carers are persons who look after a friend or relative who require support due to mental illness, physical disability, and age. The carers play a significant role in offering information to the healthcare personnel; however, they have been ignored in the decision-making process, and they have no legal directive presently. In spite of the joys which caring provide, itcarries with it substantial demerits, for example, the caring team experience social exclusion and isolation, from failing to recognize their essential roles in the society. Carers habitually suffer poverty after retiring and feel depression, anxiety, stress as well as lack of sleep because of caring all the time. Legislation should be done to pass specific acts which will require particular attention to be paid to the caring teams wish fo r leisure, training, learning, and employment opportunities. Lovatt et al. (2015), advocates that carers should have the right to vouchers, direct payment, and support services. It is significant to put in place policy and legal framework which recognize the vital role of individuals who support and care for lives of persons with various disabilities. Gold, Philip, McIver, and Komesaroff (2009), argue that patients right to privacy is quite fundamental in health care since the medical practitioners assume the responsibility of a guardian. Nonetheless, as a patients health deteriorates, doctors are repeatedly confronted by the prerequisite of protecting patients privacy whereas addressing the patients expectations. The physicians may find themselves between a rock and a hard place regarding the patients information. In this regards, the carer act as an intermediary between the patient and the physician by conveying the patients progress. The partnership amid patients, their carers, and medical practitioners within the modern healthcare aid in quality service delivery. Mason, Laurie, and Smith (2013) advocate that having the carers in the healthcares law and ethics would enable the caring team to undertake their responsibilities without experiencing any fatigue due to long working hours. The law and ethics would be able to distingui sh and specify the realm of the carers, and they will feel motivated in their undertakings to provide services for the patients. The ethics law would also curtail some of the bad experiences patients always receive from their carers as a result of diverse beliefs, customs, and traditions. Online Module 3 The perception and comprehension of dying, illness, health as well as the experience of anyones death is a personal stuff, and the connotation a personality attributes to it differs from individual to individual. As a nurse, it is essential to understand that various persons view the mentioned experiences and concepts in a multiplicity of ways, and some of the ideas can consternate us as nurses. My experience regarding health, illness, dying, death, and disease are socially established based on diets, injuries, culture, environment, and gender issues within the health care. Some deaths occur due to bladder cancers in women while others occur due to terminal illness. A terminally sick person passes many phases of emotional acceptance whereas in the dying process. Firstly, there is isolation and denial followed by resentment and anger after which the individual craves to escape the inexorable. As a nurse, I believe that every individual has a right to life, therefore, must get quality healthcare services to continue with life. A lot of people believe that the spread of illnesses is highly expedited by ethnic beliefs as well as the socioeconomic status of persons. Some people also believe that the current technologies result in chronic diseases such as cardiac arrest. Dying patients should seek resuscitation if possible to help save their lives. In the same token, consumption of hard drugs such as cigarettes has also led to several diseases such as cancer (US Department of Health and Human Services, 2014). People fail to acknowledge the side effects of such substances and spread them to others. Many women also do have miscarriages due to smoking. It, therefore, goes without saying that some of the illnesses are brought by human beings themselves. Healthy living is an essential aspect since it helps in shunning wastage of resources in hospitals due to treatment. According to Kim (2017), death is a painful process which should only come naturally but not because of diseases which can be prevented by individual human beings. Societies and families do not experience happiness when their member is sick or dead. Remarkably, dying, illness and death have become normal nowadays because of failure to adhere to healthcare principles. Individuals take part in activities which are deemed dangerous, therefore, deteriorating their health, causing diseases, and eventually leading to death. My perception and experience in regards to illnesses, dying, and death is emotional since it pains me when a patient loses a life on my watch. References Gold, M., Philip, J., McIver, S., Komesaroff, P. A. (2009). Between a rock and a hard place: exploring the conflict between respecting the privacy of patients and informing their carers. Internal Medicine Journal, 39(9) Herring, J. (2007). Where are the carers in healthcare law and ethics?.Legal Studies,27(1), 51-73. Kim, Y. J. (2017). A Study on the Types of Perception of Death among Korean Elders by Using Q Methodology. International Information Institute (Tokyo). Information, 20(1A), 229. Lim, J., Bogossian, F., Ahern, K. (2010).Stress and coping in Australian nurses: a systematic review.International Nursing Review,57(1 ) Lovatt, M., Nanton, V., Roberts, J., Ingleton, C., Noble, B., Pitt, E., ...Munday, D. (2015). The provision of emotional labour by health care assistants caring for dying cancer patients in the community: A qualitative study into the experiences of health care assistants and bereaved family carers. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 52(1), 271-279. Mason, K., Laurie, G., Smith, A. M. (2013).Mason and McCall Smith's law and medical ethics.Oxford University Press. Plank, A., Mazzoni, V., Cavada, L. (2012).Becoming a caregiver: new family carers' experience during the transition from hospital to home. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 21(13/14), 2072- Shields, L. (2013).A personal essay on the role of the nurse.Contemporary nurse,43(2), 213-218. Trinkoff, A. M.,Geiger-Brown, J. M.,Caruso, C. C.,Lipscomb, J. A.,Johantgen, M.Nelson, A. L., ...Selby, V. L.(2008).Personal safety for nurses.In R. G. Hughes (Ed.).,Patient Safety and Quality: an Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses(pp. 1-36). Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US). US Department of Health and Human Services. (2014). The health consequences of smoking50 years of progress: a report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta, GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health, 17.

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Alphonse Capone And His Rise To Power Essays - Five Points Gang

Alphonse Capone And His Rise To Power During the Capone era many mobsters were in power. As Al Capone grew, he began to associate with many different bosses and was in the neighborhood with many mob run gangs. After being involved and associated with these gangs, Capone then joined one, which just so happen to be run by Johnny Torrio, mobster to become leader of the underworld. There were many influences that helped Capone grow and gain until his rise to power as Chicago's most notorious mobster. One of the most common fictions is that like many gangsters of Capone's era, he was born in Italy. "This is untrue, he wasn't born in Italy but was born in New York"(Bardsley 1). "Alphonse Capone was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1899, of an immigrant family (Al 2). Gabriele Capone, Al Capone's father, was one of 43,000 Italians who arrived in the United States in 1894. He was a barber by trade and was one of the few who could read and write his native language. He was from the villa of Castellmare di Stalia, sixteen miles south of Naples (Bardsley 3). Capone's mom, Teresina Capone, came to America with her two-year-old son Vincenzo and infant son Raffaele (historical 1). In May of 1906, Gabriele became an American citizen (Bender 26). Al Capone quit school after the sixth grade and associated with a notorious street gang. Becoming accepted as a member. Johnny Torrio was the street gang leader and among other members was the great Lucky Luciano (Al 1). As Capone grew, Torrio gave him more responsibility and Capone soon became apprenticed by him. "On December 18, 1918, Capone married at the age of 19, to a 21 year old Irish girl names Mae Coughlin. A short time later Albert Francis Capone was born to the couple" (Bardsley 8). At the same time this was going on, in New York Johnny Torrio moved all of his operations to Chicago. Torrio's prospects in New York looked dim because Capone was indicted for two murders. He was released when a witness lost her memory, and evidence suddenly vanished from the court. Capone knew that he had Torrio to thank for his fortunes. In 1920, Capone then joined Torrio in Chicago where he had become an influenced lieutenant in the Colosimo mob (Tyler 1). "He moved his family to a home at 7244 Prarie Avenue, Chicago" (Bardsley 11). Capone was later known as a powerful leader as he stole, murdered, and cheated his way to the top of the Mob. He believed he could do pretty much all he wanted, which made him dangerous on the streets. One day came where he earned his nickname of "Scarface". He was in a bar with his fellow mobsters and leaned over to a girl he'd never met before and said, "honey, you have a nice ass and I mean that as a compliment". The girl's brother was sitting next to her and he punched Capone in the face. Thinking Capone disrespected his sister he pulled out a knife and cut Capone's face three times before he grabbed his sister and ran (Bardsley 7). There were many claimed stories about how he received his name but that was the presumably most believable. Capone later found the man and murdered him (Jackson 3). Capone was very grateful to Torrio and is quoted as saying: "I looked on Johnny as my advisor and friend and the party that made it possible for me to get my start" (world Crime 604). A man by the name of "Big Jim" Colosimo was the new under world leader. Johnny Torrio became jealous of Colosimo and wanted his power. Torrio called upon Capone and "Big Jim" Colosimo was killed on the night of May 11, 1920 (World Crime 606). The reason for his death was mostly because the Prohibition Act passed in 1920. The acts forbid alcohol to be distributed to all the saloons in Chicago. Torrio told Colosimo to start an underground that could supply all the Saloons with beer and Liquor. Colosimo refused and soon Capone was to be his executioner. During this time Al Capone actually became a hero to some bar hoppers. Some say that he was cheered at

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Preparation for professional practice. The WritePass Journal

Preparation for professional practice.   INTRODUCTION Preparation for professional practice. ) concluded that a lack of awareness and understanding in an organisation’s nursing management theories have shown that the way in which an organisation is managed can affect nurses’ confidence to communicate the need for change. Maddock (2002) argued that the approaches to change and the proposal thereof may be ineffective unless individuals’ management strategies are put in place to develop leaders.   ACCOUNTABILITY/ RESPONSIBILITY According to Marquis et al. (2009) one of the legal requirements of a registered nurse is accountability. Scrivener et al. (2011) identified that accountability involves the ability of the nurse to define every action he/she carries out. The (NMC, 2008) emphasised that   accountability is seen as being of great importance and a qualified nurse is accountable for his/her own actions such as supervision, delegation, creative acts, intervention, assessing a situation or follow-up concerns. NMC (2008) further explained that the entire health care professionals are accountable and responsible for any action, error or omission made in practice. Huber (2006) states that as members of a multidisciplinary team, nurses must maintain their professional accountability. Nurses should also be able to use their communication skills to make complicated information understandable, explain choices, offer reassurance, look out for side-effects and liaise with medical colleagues about the subsequent p rogress of individuals with mental health problems (Garon, 2012). This was seen as a critical aspect of the operation here with regular reviews being planned to evaluate the success of the change and to amend the program where appropriate. Furthermore, if a nurse is meant to delegate care to another professional or support worker, she/he must delegate effectively and should be accountable for the appropriateness of the delegation. During one of the author’s practice placements in the acute ward, a newly qualified nurse delegated the task of security nurse to an agency staff who was very new on the ward. This agency staff let one of the patients out of the ward, not knowing that the patient was on level 1 observation restricted to the ward and the patient absconded from the unit. This resulted in an investigation which revealed that the newly qualified nurse did not delegate the task properly and did not communicate effectively. This raised the question of accountability and responsibility. The specifics of the nurse’s role are identified as being responsible for assessment, planning, the delivery of care and the evaluation of nursing care for their patients (NMC, 2008). According to RCN, 2011), nurses are accountable and responsible, on a daily basis, carrying out patient care most of the time and acting as care provider. Nurses have the responsibility for communicating the relevant information necessary for the patient to receive their full nursing care provision (NMC, 2008).  Ã‚   (RCN, 1992) also states that with an increase in the level of responsibility and accountability, nurses need adequate training and competence to develop these changes. It is the responsibility of the nurses to make sure that patients are suitably dressed and eat their meals, while also managing their welfare rights and dealing with individuals’ psychological distresses; theses roles have to be carried out in conjunction with running organisational demands (RCN, 2011). INTER-PROFESSIONAL COLLABORATION Orchard et al. (2005) described inter-professional collaboration as a combination of different professionals working together in a partnership in order to achieve common goals, establish a therapeutic relationship, showing respect for others and the skilled therapeutic use of self. On the other hand, inter-professional collaboration means the adoption of multi-disciplinary and multi-agency working as the most effective route towards comprehensive mental healthcare (Audrey, 2003). However, Garon (2012) states that when talking about change in inter-professional collaborative team work, it is important to consider how staff members would need to be motivated to accept and welcome this change. It is also very important to select the right leader, which was a key advantage of this approach, to implement the change and involve all team members in the change process, as well as considering the safety of the patients, their comprehensive care and the stress the change might cause (NICE, 200 7b). CONCLUSION During this implementation of â€Å"Protected Mealtimes†, all the team members on the ward worked collaboratively, demonstrated excellent communication skills, showed motivation and were very enthusiastic and committed to the plan. Word count: 2,200. PART 2 THE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN (PDP) The purpose of writing this professional development plan is to think and reflect on a facet of the professional development experienced by the author during their three-year course. It will also enable the author to work efficiently and effectively in their areas of weakness and help   to sustain areas of strength, as well as developing delegation skills in the nursing environment, upon qualification. In order to accomplish these goals, a plan utilising SMARTER theory (Specific, Measurable, Realistic, Timely, Ethical and Recorded/ Reflective (Appendix 1) is proposed. During the three years of nursing training, the author of this essay has utilised Gibbs Reflective Cycle (1988), as a framework for reflection on day-to-day actions, strengths and weaknesses. According to Brechin (2000), reflection means not only thinking about a situation, but also using it as a form of systematic appraisal of the events that have occurred and as an examination of an individual’s ability to le arn from the experience and influence future practice. During this placement in the acute ward, the author discovered that delegating duties to staff when co-ordinating shifts was a far more complex issue than originally anticipated. The RCN (2006) described delegation in nursing as a process of entrusting or allocating responsibility to another person who is seen as being able to carry out such a task. The Nursing and Midwifery Council (2008) states that a nurse’s   job cannot be completed or carried out without delegating some part of the care functions to others, as it is highly impossible to deliver total care for different patients with different care needs. Barr and Dowding (2008) in their research emphasised that delegation is a critical leadership skill that must be learned. This became evident when considering a situation which emerged when dealing with a violent patient in a ward environment. In order to delegate tasks relating to this individual it was necessary to use confidence, communication, courate, compassion, competence and care. On the whole this was doen relatively well by myself however it was found that the newly qualified staff nurse is more likely to be unfamiliar with the procedure delegated to him and this made communication a more vital so that guidance could be obtained. Having identified a weakness in the authors ability to delegate, this communication between the two parties in the case mentioned above was used as a clear example of how greater comfort from the process of delegation could be obtained. This would in turn improve confidence. By watching delegations within the ward environment it became apparent to the author that there were greater difficulties when the manager used the autocratic style and this often created hostility amongst other staff and may hinder creativity and improvement. This brought the manager’s delegation skills into question. There was also an increased danger that the more junior member of staff would find themselves unsupervised in an inappropriate and unacceptable way according to RCN (2011). This leadership style as described by Bass 2008 as creating difficulties. Where better delegation communication were used the author was much more comfortable with the delegation process as they were aware that the process would be used appropriately and would be successful. With this in mind the PDP going forward would focus on risk management and controlling the process without following an autocratic style which would lead to loss of control when delegating. CONCLUSION The author of this essay has learned from undertaking this assignment that delegation not only saves time, but is also an essential skill which a registered nurse must posses; it is also requires good leadership and is an important role for every nurse involved in health care delivery. Through this Personal Development Plan (PDP), personal areas of weakness have been identified which the author is currently striving very hard to correct.   REFERENCE LISTS Allan, E., 2007. Change management for school nurse in Scotland. Nursing Standard. 21, (42) 35-39. Allan, E., 1988. Planning a psychiatric intensive care unit. Intensive Care for people with serious mental illness. Hospital and Community Psychiatric, Vol- 39. Bass, B.M., 2008. The Bass Handbook of leadership: Theory, Research and Managerial Applications. 4th ed. New York:   Free Press. Bass, B.M., and Avolio, B.J., 1994. Improving organizational effectiveness through transformational leadership. London: Sage. Braine, M., 2006. Clinical governance: applying theory to practice. Nursing Standard. 20, (20) 56-65. Brechin, A., 2000. Introducing critical practice. In Brechin, A., Brown, H. Eby, M., eds. Clinical practice in Health and Social Care. London: Sage Cummings, J., 2012. Developing a Vision and Strategy for Nursing, Midwifery and Care- Givers, tinyurl. Com/c89xe4x [Last accessed:   May 2 2012]. Cherry, B., and Jacobs, S., 2995. Contemporary Nursing: Issues trends and management. 3rd ed. Elsevier: Health Science. Christie, P., and Robinson, H., 2009. Using a communication framework at handover to boost patient outcomes. Nursing Times, 105,(47) 13-15. Crevani, L.,Lindgren, M., Packendororff, J., 2010. Leadership, not leaders: on the study of leadership as practices and interactions. Scadinavavian Journal of Management. 26 (1)77-86. Cummings, G., Lee, H., Macgregor, T., 2008. Factors contributing to nursing leadership: a systematic review. Journal of Health Services. Research and Policy. 13(4) 240-248. Department of Health, 2008. Code of Practice: Mental Health Act 1983. London: DoH. Doran, G.T., 1981. There’s SMART way to write management’s goals and objectives. Management Review. 70, (11) 35-36. Food in Hospitals National Catering and Nutrition Specification, 2008. [Last accessed on 30 May 2013]. Garon, M., 2012. Speaking up, being heard: registered nurse’ perceptions of workplace communication. Journal of Nursing Management. 56, (2) 35-39. Green, T., Heath, I., 2010. Measuring Relationship. London: The King’s Fund. Gibbs, G., 1988. Learning by doing: A Guide to Teaching and Learning Methods. Oxford Further Education: Oxford. Hersey, P., Blanchard, K.H., and Johnson, D.E., 2001. Management of organizational behaviours: leading human resources. 8th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice- Hall. Huber, D.L., 2010. Leadership and nursing care management.4th ed. Maryland Heights: Saunders Elsevier. Huber, D.L., 2006. Leadership and Nursing Care Management. 3rd ed. Lowa. The University of Lowa: The University of Lowa. Maddock, S., 2002. Making modernisation work: new narratives change strategies and people management in the public sector. International Journal of public Sector Management. 15, (1) 13-43. Marquis, B.L., and Huston, C.J., 2009. Leadership roles and management functions in nursing: theory and applications. 6th ed. London: Wolters Kluwer Health/ Lippincott William and Wilkins. McConnell, C.R., 2007.   The effective Health care Supervisor. 6th ed. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlet Publishers. McKimm, J., and Held, S., 2009. The Emergency of Leadership Theory: From the Twentieth to the Twentieth-First Century. In: McKimm, J., and Phillips, K., eds. 2009. Leadership and Management in Integrated Services. Exeter: Learning Matters. Ch1. National Institute for Clinical Excellence, 2007b. How to change practice. London: NICE. National Institute for Innovation and Improvement, 2013. NHS Change Model: Our Shared Purpose. Tinyurl, com/bwefn79 [Last accessed: May 2 2013]. National Patient Safety Agency 2007.Protected Mealtimes review Findings and Recommendations Report. Nursing and Midwifery Council, 2008. The Code: Standards of Conduct, Performance and Ethics for Nursing and Midwives. London: NMC. O’Connell, B., Macdonald, K., and Kelly, C., 2008.Nursing handover: time change. Contemporary Nurse. 30 (1) 2-11 Creating a Culture for Interdisciplinary. Orchard, C.A., Curran, V., Kabene, S., 2005. Creating a Culture for Interdisciplinary. Collaborative Professional Practice. Medical Education. Rolfe, P., 2011. Transformational leadership theory: What every leader needs to know. Nurse Leader. 9, (2) 54-57 Royal College of Nursing. 2012b Health and Social Care Act 2012. Tinyurl.com/HealthSocialCareAct2012 [Last accessed May 9 2013]. Royal College of Nursing, 2011. Accountability and Delegation: What you need to know. Royal Collage of Nursing. London:   RNC. Rosener, J.B., 1990. Ways women lead. Harvard Business Review. In Barker, P., 2009. Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. The Craft of Caring. 2nd ed. London: Hodder Arnold. Scrivener, R., 2011. Accountability and Responsibility: Principles of Nursing Practice. Nursing Standard, 25, (29) 35-36. Scott, L., and Caress, A.L., 2005. Shared governance and shared leadership: meeting the challenges of implementation. Journal of Nursing Management, 13(1) 4-12. Tomey, A.M., 2009. Guide to nursing management and leadership. 8th ed. St Louis, MO: Mosby/ Elsevier. Yoder-Wise, P., 2011. Leading and Managing in Nursing. 5th ed. St Louis: Elsevier Mosby. APPENDIX- 1  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   S.M A.R.T.E.R PLAN          SPECIFICS   Ã‚   Within six months of the preceptor-ship course, there will be a need to build better confidence that will improve communication skills which will support the author in their nursing career. MEASURABLE How can one ascertain that the intended outcomes have been achieved? The learning outcomes will be gained via the professionals consultants, occupational therapist, staff nurses and preceptor-ship mentor involved. The author is confident that these professionals have the necessary assertive skills that will help achieve the desired learning outcomes. Achievable The intention is to attend training courses, discuss any difficulties experienced with the preceptor-ship mentor or manager of the ward or any member of staff, and integrate the proposal as advice. REALISTIC Within three months of completion of the nursing course, it is anticipated that the author will be able to demonstrate effective leadership, delegating tasks properly, and entrusting responsibility to a person who is perceived as being able to carry out these tasks by utilising one’s newly gained assertiveness skills. TIMELY   Within three months of registration, an evaluation of achievements will be carried out and competencies will be examined frequently by the preceptor-ship mentor. The aim is to be constantly monitored by members of the team and to reflect upon performance and the impact of these actions. If there are any obstacles to achieving these goals or any concern from the team about the author’s approach, these issues will be discussed with the preceptor-ship mentor or ward manager, as this will facilitate the development of ongoing skills.       ETHICAL Being knowledgeable about ethical issues such as social and cultural, rights, confidentiality and being aware of how this might impact on one’s practice. As a nurse there is a need to ensure that the patient’s autonomy is respected.    RECORDED/REFLECTIVE Reflection on personal strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT), on a regular basis.                      Appendix 2 – SWOT Analysis    MY STRENGTHS The SWOT analysis has helped me to develop, maintain a learning environment in which both education and lifelong learning are seen as integral to clinical setting, to work and focus on the goals and strategies, enable me to grab the opportunities I would love to achieve and work very hard to reduce my weakness and increase my strength. With the aid of SWOT analysis, I have been able to identify my strength as being a good team player, good listener, a good communicator and interacting well with my colleagues and patients. Showing compassion to my patients and having the ability to work under pressure. I like taking the lead and I am always happy when people appreciate me, it makes me happy and also motivates me.                MY WEAKNESS I identify my weakness as being easily distracted, tending to carry out many tasks at a time and I am always fearful of making mistakes.   I also felt that there are some areas I lack leadership skills such as being a good delegator because Barr and Dowding (2008) in their research emphasised that delegation is a critical leadership skill that must be learned. I find it complex to delegate duties when coordinating shifts. OPPORTUNITIES My opportunities are to update my knowledge in relation to the new pre-registration courses which include existing educational, personal and professional career development within the establishment.   During this my practice placement I also had the opportunity to learn and share ideas with my colleagues, had the opportunity for questioning and giving feedback. THREATS My threats   Ã‚  are whilst on this practice placement, I found some areas very stressful.   I discovered that some of the mentors were unfamiliar with the new- pre registration programme and unaware of the needs of the nursing students in relation to the learning opportunities or activities . Appendix 3   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Service Improvement Activity – Notification Form Student Details Student SID Number: 0820968 Details of student pledge on which the proposed improvement is based. I must treat individuals kindly and considerately.   I will provide a high standard of practice and care at all times. I will respect individuals’ confidentiality. I must show compassion and unconditional positive regard to my clients. I must disclose information, if I believe some one may be at risk of harming him/her self in line with the law of the country in which I am practising. I must listen to individual in my care and respond to their concerns and preferences. Details of proposed service improvement project/activity: The service improvement initiative is to facilitate Protecting Patient Meal Time in the Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU).   The purpose of this service improvement is to help and manage mealtimes without unnecessary and avoidable interruptions. Mealtimes are not only a vehicle to provide patients with adequate nutrition, but also provide an opportunity to support social interaction amongst patients. Reason for development: During my practice placement in the PICU. I discovered that there have been a lot of interruptions and argument between some patients and staff during meal time and also staff members who supposed to assist during meal time always claimed to be very busy. This made me choose to introduce to the team about â€Å"Protected Mealtimes†.   This development is to support those patients who were finding it very difficult to eat or drink. Time spent on the project/activity: The service improvement lasted for the period four weeks because I first and foremost had the meeting with the multidisciplinary team members before introducing the change to the patients. Resources used: National Health Service (NHS boarder) Evidence on topic relating Protecting Meal Time Information from in the internet. Policy and regulation from the trust Text book Some information from dietician. Who will be involved? The ward consultant My mentor as a nursing staff, Occupational therapist staff Support worker The ward manager The dietician Myself( a student nurse) Future plans: The future plans are for me to distribute leaflets to the other professionals for them to read it in the internet and be awareness of the protecting meal time. Date discussed with clinical staff in placement area:

Sunday, February 23, 2020

International business Literature review Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 words

International business - Literature review Example These capabilities have changed the potentials open to the multinational firm in the strategic management of its businesses. This review of literature explores the implications of international business strategy within the context of Nokia Corporation, a multinational corporation which has seen phenomenal growth but an almost rapid decline in the last decade. Its business is situated in the digital mobile telecommunications industry, which is characterized by rapid technological innovation and intense international competition. Inquiry into the interplay of environmental changes and the corresponding positioning of the multinational corporation against its competitors may yield new insights into the strategic management of international businesses not encountered in localized businesses. 2. International Business Strategy To better understand the implications of the published reports and literature on Nokia’s global strategy and its local strategy in China, a brief survey of t he existing theoretical discussion on international business strategy is warranted. ... The word international which encompasses these concepts pertains to activities that cross the borders between nation-states; nation-states here is a combination of nation qualified by its country-level economic and sociocultural variables, and state which refers to the political attributes such as national sovereignty and national laws (p. 55). Given this starting point, international management is taken to mean â€Å"the process of planning, organizing, directing and controlling the organization, which individuals (managers) use to achieve an organization’s goals, when the organization is involved in cross-border activities or functions outside its nation-state† (Eden, et al., 2011, p. 56). Likewise, international business may be defined as â€Å"business that crosses national borders, that is, it includes the comparative study of business as an organizational form in different countries, cross-border activities of businesses, and interactions of business with the int ernational environment† (Eden, et al., 2011, p. 58). International business may be differentiated from international management in the sense that international business refers to organizations pursuing a specified goal through a cross-border undertaking for profit, while international management is the process of stewardship over an organization involved in cross-border activities, whether for profit or not, for as long as the goals are met. Finally, international strategy is the field of management that deals with â€Å"the major intended and emergent initiatives, including cross-border initiatives, taken by general managers on behalf of owners, involving utilization of domestic and/or foreign resources to enhance the performance of firms in the international environment† (Nag, et al., 2007,